Today, we are remembering Rashtra Kavi Maithili Sharan Gupt – a Gahoi from an affluent family from Chirgaon, Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh who was born on Augaut 3rd, 1886. His family belongs the Kankane gotra of Gahoi Community and born in a zamidar family. His father was Seth Ramcharan Gupta and mother’s name was Kashibai. His mentor was well-known poet and writer Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi.
Interesting facts about Rashtrakavi Maithili Sharan Gupt:
- He is one of the pioneers of Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry and wrote in Khari Boli dialect, at a time when most Hindi poets favoured the use of Braj Bhasha dialect.
- He was a recipient of the third highest (then second highest) Indian civilian honour of Padma Bhushan in 1954.
- He was given the title of Rashtra Kavi by Mahatma Gandhi for the book Bharat-Bharati on India’s freedom struggle.
- He was one of the famous personalities from the Gahoi Community.
- He disliked school as a child, so his father arranged for his education at their home.
- He was the teacher of Dewan Shatrughan Singh (Bundelkhandi Royal), who is known as Bundelkhand Kesri & Bundelkhand Gandhi.
- He has a good command on languages like Sanskrit, English and Bengali.
- Gupt entered the world of Hindi literature by writing poems in various magazines, including Saraswati.
- His first major work, Rang mein Bhang was published by Indian Press in 1910.
- His literature and poetry was basically inspired by Ramayana, Mahabharata, Buddhist stories and the lives of famous religious leaders.
- He was also made an honorary member of the Rajya Sabha, where he used poetry to put his opinions in the house. He continued a member of the Rajya Sabha till his death in 12 December 1964.
- His well-known literature includes Saket (Urmila, wife of Lakshmana, from Ramayana), Rang mein Bhang, Matrubhumi, Bharat-Bharati, Jayadrath Vadh, Vikat Bhat, Plassey ka Yuddha, Gurukul, Kisan, Panchavati, Nirjhar, Yashodhara (Yashodhara, the wife of Gautama Buddha) etc.