Know about Metabolic Acidosis and its causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment

Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which there is too much acid in the blood. This can happen when the body produces too much acid, loses too much bicarbonate (a base that helps neutralize acid), or both. It may cause several medical conditions such as Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), Lactic acidosis, Kidney disease, Liver disease, Ingestion of toxins, such as methanol or ethylene glycol, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Burns, Sepsis etc. It is necessary to take care of yourself before conditions become to worse due to our negligence.

About Metabolic acidosis:

Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which the body has too much acid. This can happen when the body produces too much acid, loses too much bicarbonate, or both. Metabolic acidosis can be a serious condition, and it can lead to a number of health problems, including heart problems, kidney problems, and brain damage.

When your kidneys and lungs are unable to maintain a healthy pH level in your body, acidosis results.

Acidosis is a condition where the body’s fluids contain an excessive amount of acid. When your kidneys and lungs are unable to maintain a healthy pH level in your body, acidosis results.

Acid is created by numerous bodily activities. Although your kidneys and lungs can typically correct minor pH imbalances, issues with these organs might cause too much acid to build up in your blood and body.

Your blood’s pH is used to gauge how acidic it is. Your blood is more acidic when the pH is lower and more basic when the pH is higher.

Your blood should have a pH of about 7.4. A pH of 7.35 or lower is considered to be in acidosis. A pH of 7.45 or higher indicates the presence of alkalosis.

These number variations, though they may seem insignificant, can have significant consequences. Multiple health problems, including the possibility of death, can result from metabolic acidosis.

Various Causes of Metabolic acidosis:

There are a number of different causes of metabolic acidosis. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): DKA is a serious complication of diabetes. It happens when the body doesn’t have enough insulin, and the body starts to break down fat for energy. This produces ketones, which are acids.
  • Lactic acidosis: Lactic acidosis is a condition that happens when the body produces too much lactic acid. Lactic acid is a byproduct of cellular respiration.
  • Renal failure: Renal failure is a condition in which the kidneys can’t remove enough acid from the body.
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) losses: GI losses can happen when the body loses bicarbonate through the GI tract. This can happen with diarrhea, vomiting, or bowel surgery.
  • Drugs: Some drugs, such as salicylates and methanol, can cause metabolic acidosis.

Risk factors for metabolic acidosis:

Your risk of metabolic acidosis may be influenced by a number of factors, including:

  • a diet heavy in fat and low in carbs
  • renal failure
  • obesity dehydration
  • poisoning from methanol or aspirin
  • carbon monoxide poisoning
  • obesity
  • diabetes

Various Symptoms of Metabolic acidosis:

The symptoms of metabolic acidosis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Rapid breathing (tachypnea)
  • Kussmaul respirations (deep, rapid breathing)
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle cramps
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • headache
  • sleepiness
  • lack of appetite
  • jaundice

Metabolic acidosis detection and diagnosis:

Patients with metabolic acidosis usually experience severe illness and numerous visits to the hospital. An early diagnosis might significantly impact your recovery. Which tests your doctor orders will depend on what they believe might be the root of your metabolic acidosis.

Anion Gap:

Acidosis is identified by doctors using a number of blood tests. The measurement of your anion gap is one of the most typical. The difference between the positively and negatively charged electrolytes in your blood is known as the anion gap.

Electrolytes are substances like calcium, magnesium, and salt that are found in nature. They support the maintenance of your body’s acid-base balance. Additionally, electrolytes carry electrical charges.

Your doctor may be notified that anything is wrong if the difference between the oppositely charged electrolytes is either too high or too low.

Arterial Blood Gases Analysis:

An arterial blood gas analyses the amounts of carbon dioxide and oxygen in your blood. It also indicates the pH of your blood. A basic metabolic panel examines how well your kidneys are working. Your blood sugar, protein, calcium, and electrolyte levels are also measured. These tests, when combined, can detect various forms of acidosis.

Urine Analysis:

You’ll need to provide a urine sample if metabolic acidosis is suspected. To determine whether you are properly removing acids and bases, doctors will measure your pH. To identify the source of your acidosis, more testing could be required.

Lungs Analysis:

Your doctor will want to examine your lungs if you are given a respiratory acidosis diagnosis. A pulmonary function test or a chest X-ray may be required for this.

Prevention of Metabolic acidosis:

If you have any of the symptoms of metabolic acidosis, it’s important to see a doctor right away. Metabolic acidosis is a serious condition, and it can be fatal if it’s not treated.

Here are some tips to help prevent metabolic acidosis:

  • Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
  • Avoid taking drugs that can cause metabolic acidosis.
  • Eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • If you have diarrhoea or vomiting, see a doctor to prevent dehydration.
  • If you use alcohol, consider cutting back. Chronic alcohol use can increase the build-up of lactic acid.

Treatment of Metabolic acidosis:

The treatment for metabolic acidosis depends on the underlying cause. In some cases, treatment may involve giving fluids, electrolytes, or medications. In severe cases, you may need to be hospitalized.

With prompt treatment, most people with metabolic acidosis make a full recovery. However, if the condition is not treated, it can lead to serious health problems, including death.

To decide the best course of treatment for your metabolic acidosis, doctors typically need to know what is causing it. The underlying cause of the acid-base imbalance may need to be addressed in order to treat metabolic acidosis. Each type of particular metabolic acidosis has a different course of treatment, which can include:

  • With sodium citrate, acidosis brought on by kidney failure can be addressed.
  • The pH of a diabetic with ketoacidosis is corrected by intravenous drip (IV) fluids and insulin.
  • Depending on the underlying reason, lactic acidosis therapy options may include bicarbonate supplements, intravenous fluids, oxygen, or antibiotics.
  • One option for treating hyperchloremic acidosis is to provide sodium bicarbonate orally.

Ayurvedic treatment of metabolic acidosis:

Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine that has been used for centuries to treat a variety of health conditions. There is some evidence that Ayurveda may be helpful in treating metabolic acidosis, a condition in which the body has too much acid.

Ayurvedic treatments for metabolic acidosis typically focus on balancing the body’s doshas, or three fundamental energies. The doshas are vata, pitta, and kapha. Each dosha is associated with a different set of physical and mental characteristics.

Ayurvedic treatments for metabolic acidosis may include:

Herbal supplements: Some herbs that may be helpful in treating metabolic acidosis include:

  • Ashwagandha: This herb is known for its adaptogenic properties, which means it can help the body adapt to stress.
  • Guduchi: This herb is known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
  • Turmeric: This herb has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Diet: A healthy diet is essential for managing metabolic acidosis. A diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to alkalize the body. It is also important to avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and excessive amounts of meat.

Exercise: Exercise can help to improve the body’s ability to metabolize acid. It is important to choose an exercise routine that is appropriate for your fitness level.

Lifestyle changes: Other lifestyle changes that may be helpful in treating metabolic acidosis include:

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Managing stress
  • Quitting smoking
  • Reducing alcohol intake

It is important to note that Ayurveda is not a replacement for conventional medical treatment. If you have metabolic acidosis, it is important to see a doctor to get a diagnosis and treatment plan. Ayurvedic treatments may be used in addition to conventional medical treatment, but they should not be used as a substitute.

Here are some additional tips for managing metabolic acidosis with Ayurveda:

  1. Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.
  2. Eat a healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  3. Avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and excessive amounts of meat.
  4. Exercise regularly.
  5. Get enough sleep.
  6. Manage stress.
  7. Quit smoking.
  8. Reduce alcohol intake.

If you have any questions or concerns about managing metabolic acidosis with Ayurveda, please talk to your doctor or an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Conclusion: Finally, we haveto control metabolic acidosis initially by our traditional Ayurvedic or Herbal treatment without any side effects. Otherwise, we have an option of going to doctor for conventional treatment via Allopathy. Overall, we have to take care of metabolic acidosis in initial stage. Prevention is better than treatment. So, we have to prevent metabolic acidosis conditions by implementing healthy life style and diet.

Disclaimer: This article is only for informative purpose only. All information are based on our related studies and information available on internet. Please use given information as per your wish and wisdom after considering all pros and cons. Always any medicine should be taken after doctor’s consultancy. We are not responsible for any positive or negative effects of the same. The topics in these articles including text, graphics, videos and other reference materials contained on this website are for informational purpose only.

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